Trends of Fertility Levels in Egypt in Recent Years
16 September 2019
The total fertility rate in Egypt dipped from 3.5 in 2014 to 3.1 in 2018, according to a study prepared by UNFPA, with data collected from the birth and mortality registration system implemented in collaboration between with the Ministry of Planning, Monitoring and Administrative Reform and the Ministry of Health and Population.
The system data was made available in April 2017 through the National Digital E-System, which is supervised and managed by the Ministry of Planning.
The study, carried out by Dr. Hussein A. Sayed, titled “Trends of Fertility Levels in Egypt in Recent Years,” aimed to identify changes in fertility rates in Egypt during the period between 2006-2018, at national, regional and governorate levels. It relied on the ministry’s data compiling births for mothers in reproductive age; 15-49 obtained from the E-vital registration system.
Fertility levels are the maindeterminant of population growth. Since 2006, fertility levels in Egypt were on an upward trend, reaching its highest level in 2014 at 3.5. Fertility levels decreased at a slow pace in 2017 (3.4) compared to 2014, but saw a sharp decrease in 2018, reaching 3.1.
The study also indicated during the period between 2008-2014, high fertility levels were noted for all age groups except women aged 40-44. It also indicated that fertility level increased by 26 percent during that period for women aged 20-24.
Fertility rates reached 2.75 in urban governorates, compared to 3.52 to 3.93 for both Upper Egypt and border governorates respectively, according to the study.
Cairo and Alexandria however saw an increase in fertility rates since 2014, with Cairo increasing from 2.60 in 2014 to 2.85 in 2018, and Alexandria rising from 2.2 in 2014 to 2.7 in 2018. At the same time, it is noticeable that Port-Said governorate achieved the lowest fertility level reaching around 2 children per woman.
UNFPA is working hand in hand with Family Planning and Reproductive Health Sector at Ministry of Health and Population towards ending unmet needs for family planning in Egypt.
The study was conducted with the support by the Embassy of Switzerland in Egypt.